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Bramling Cross Bare Root Hop Plant
Growth & Analytical Data
Planting & Growing Instructions
Bred from a crossing in 1927, by Professor Salmon at Wye, of a Bramling (one of the traditional Golding varieties) with a male seedling of the Manitoban (Canadian) wild hop. This variety has good yields, early ripening, tolerance to wilt and an 'American' aroma which lends itself to speciality beers. Often used as a general purpose kettle hop for a smallish proportion of the hop grist. However of late its uses have been to provide a special fruity, blackcurrant and lemon notes in traditional ales. Bramling Cross gives the brewer considerable scope for experimentation.
Bare root hop plants are available from 1st of November until 28th of Febuary. The best time to transplant hop plants lies during this period whilst the plant is dormant
Time of ripening: Early season
Storage stability: Reasonable
Wilt tolerance: Tolerant
Resistance to downy mildew: Susceptible
Resistance to powdery mildew: Susceptible
Alpha acid (range) 6.0 – 7.8%
Beta acid (range) 2.2 – 2.8%
Ratio Alpha:Beta 2.4 – 3.1:1
Cohumulone (% of alpha) 26 – 31%
Total oils, ml/100g (dry) 0.7 – 1.0
On receiving your plants remove the plants from the bag, check to see if they are moist, if they are not place in a bucket of water for 1 hour, then plant it in your garden.
1. Dig a hole 9 – 12 inches deep.
2. Place the plant in the hole with the crown of the plant, the bit with the shoots on, 2-3 inches below surface level.
3. Cover all the roots and crown with good quality well mulched soil, or John Innes No3 compost.
4. Firm in gently.
5. Sprinkle some general fertiliser around the surface.
6. Water in only if the soil is dry.
7. Plants should be spaced about a metre apart.
Hops can grow on a wide range of soil types, although in general they grow best on deep well drained non-acid loam’s. Good soil moisture and fertility are essential in order to sustain the prodigious aerial growth of the hop plant each year. Bines usually begin to grow from the underground rootstock in early April. These healthy bines of appropriate vigour are selected for a procedure known as ‘training’ are induced to begin climbing the strings, which they do in a clockwise direction. When 2-3 bines are established on a string, all surplus shoots should be removed, usually completed by the end of May.
Hop plants have to be provided with supports for the climbing bines on which the cone bearing lateral shoots are formed. Hops can be grown up strings, poles or on a fence with wire support. Fertility can be improved with farmyard manure or proprietary brands of general fertiliser such as growmore.
Disease and Pest Control
Hops are susceptible to mildews, aphids and red spider. These can be controlled with various garden sprays available from most Garden centres.
Pick the hops off the bines in early to mid September. Drying should take place immediately after harvesting, this can be achieved with very satisfactory results by placing the hop cones in an airing cupboard. Store in a dry place. These can be used for brewing your own beer or Hop pillows (only a small amount put in your pillow will help you sleep). If required for floral decoration do not remove hops from bine, but cut the whole bine off in September and hang to dry in a warm airy place. Remove all leaves off bine before drying.
In the Spring, select the number of shoots required, max 8 per plant, and remove all surplus. Remove all growth above ground any time between late Autumn / Winter.This will help reduce carry over of pests and diseases.
Hop plants may be cropped for more than 20 years, so it important that the original planting material is free from debilitating virus and viroid diseases (some of them symptomless). At Aplus Hops we supply certified disease-free stock under an official approval scheme.
As the UK’s premier hop propagator, we have over 40 years experience in hops and consider it a privilege to supply you with top quality hop plants. The A+ Plant Health Propagation Scheme (PHPS) - requires us to meet rigorous standards. Plants are produced from elite Permanent Layer Beds tested free of Hop Latent Viroid and Canker with “Zero Tolerance” of: Verticillium Wilt, Arabis mosaic virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus, Hop mosaic virus (Goldings). Nowhere else in the world are so many precautions taken, so you can be sure of getting the best quality stock available.
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