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Ernest Bare Root Hop Plant
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Growth & Analytical Data
Planting & Growing Instructions
Ernest is named after its breeder, Prof Ernest Salmon. It was selected at Wye College, Kent as a seedling under code OZ97a in 1923 from seed collected in 1921 as an open-pollination of Neomex AA7. It was in production on farm trials in 1957 and 1958. It was used in brewing trials conducted by the Institute of Brewing in 1959 but it was considered to be a poor substitute for the control variety, Fuggle, due to its “strong, coarse, American aroma”. It has remained only in the variety collection now at Wye Hops.
Vigorous tall, conventional variety, producing distinctly long cones. Late maturing. Good tolerance of wilt disease, susceptible to powdery mildew and aphids but, with appropriate control, cones usually retain their green appearance late into September. It is particularly susceptible to downy mildew in the spring.
Bare root hop plants are available from November 1st until April 15th. The best time to transplant hop plants lies during this period whilst the plant is dormant.
Plants in 2 Litre pots are available from May until September but are available for UK mainland delivery only.
Time of ripening: TBC
Storage stability: TBC
Wilt tolerance: Tolerant
Resistance to downy mildew: Susceptible
Resistance to powdery mildew: Susceptible
Growth & Analytic Data
On receiving your plants remove the plants from the bag, check to see if they are moist, if they are not place in a bucket of water for 1 hour, then plant it in your garden.
1. Dig a hole 9 – 12 inches deep.
2. Place the plant in the hole with the crown of the plant, the bit with the shoots on, 2-3 inches below surface level.
3. Cover all the roots and crown with good quality well mulched soil, or John Innes No3 compost.
4. Firm in gently.
5. Sprinkle some general fertiliser around the surface.
6. Water in only if the soil is dry.
7. Plants should be spaced about a metre apart.
Hops can grow on a wide range of soil types, although in general they grow best on deep well drained non-acid loam’s. Good soil moisture and fertility are essential in order to sustain the prodigious aerial growth of the hop plant each year. Bines usually begin to grow from the underground rootstock in early April. These healthy bines of appropriate vigour are selected for a procedure known as ‘training’ are induced to begin climbing the strings, which they do in a clockwise direction. When 2-3 bines are established on a string, all surplus shoots should be removed, usually completed by the end of May.
Hop plants have to be provided with supports for the climbing bines on which the cone bearing lateral shoots are formed. Hops can be grown up strings, poles or on a fence with wire support. Fertility can be improved with farmyard manure or proprietary brands of general fertiliser such as growmore.
Disease and Pest Control
Hops are susceptible to mildews, aphids and red spider. These can be controlled with various garden sprays available from most Garden centres.
Pick the hops off the bines in early to mid September. Drying should take place immediately after harvesting, this can be achieved with very satisfactory results by placing the hop cones in an airing cupboard. Store in a dry place. These can be used for brewing your own beer or Hop pillows (only a small amount put in your pillow will help you sleep). If required for floral decoration do not remove hops from bine, but cut the whole bine off in September and hang to dry in a warm airy place. Remove all leaves off bine before drying.
In the Spring, select the number of shoots required, max 8 per plant, and remove all surplus. Remove all growth above ground any time between late Autumn / Winter.This will help reduce carry over of pests and diseases.
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